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The Importance Of Catalytic Converters Despite the fact that cars are necessary for our day to day lives and very convenient to use, the rate of air pollution it creates is without a doubt harmful to the environment. But these emissions are now controlled due to the integration of catalytic converter which reduces the amount of chemicals released. In internal combustion engines, the fuel and air are mixed. When the spark plugs creates ignition, the mixture is producing combustion, which is used in powering the vehicle. The leftover in the process exits on valves and this process continues for thousands of times more. Some unused fuel in form of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons as well as nitrogen oxide exits the car and cause air pollution. The job of the catalytic converter is to make sure that the engine emissions are clean and make them less dangerous and safer for both the people and environment. The catalyst will transform some gases by suing chemical reaction and energy, which produces a more favorable result. Catalytic converters have to change the harmful byproducts of combustion through oxidation process. By introducing oxygen on heated gases, it causes the HC as well as CO to turn as carbon dioxide and water which in a sense is less harmful. Catalyst has thin layer of platinum and coating is applied on substrate material like honeycomb made of either metal or ceramic. Small platinum atoms bind the molecules tightly then oxygen is introduced enabling the catalyst to work. There are various kinds of catalytic converters and among them is 2-way converter that does the processes above. As a matter of fact, this has been used in cars since the year 1975 in order to address third byproduct which is NOx. 3-way converters are designed and developed with an added step known as reduction. What this thing does is to split the NOx into oxygen and nitrogen. This is a true challenge but it has been resolved by introducing oxygen between the oxidation and reduction stage to make it more efficient.
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One setback of catalytic converters on the other hand is the fact that it needs certain temperature in order to process chemical reaction properly. What this mean is, it won’t work in first few minutes upon ignition and in the event that there’s overheating, it will not work either. Other issues that you have to watch out when driving is road temperature as well as debris as this can potentially cause damage to the converter. But other than that, everything works just fine for the device.Overwhelmed by the Complexity of Options? This May Help