Category: education

Examining the Relationship between Ethnic and Racial Labeling and Substance Use among Undergraduate Baccalaureate Graduates

Written by Evolution Writer

Introduction

Substance abuse among youths has been highlighted as a major problem in the United States. A major concern is that there is an increasing problem of substance abuse in learning institutions. Research shows in the country that there is a strong positive association between ethnic backgrounds of students and involvement in substance abuse (Unger et al., 2014).  However, there is a need to conduct further analysis on this issue in further research. It is important for policymakers in the education system to understand the significant causes of substance abuse in higher learning institutions.

As stated by Rosenberg, Groves, and Blankenship (2017), understanding each cause from a single perspective is essential in helping establish solutions to the problem. One of the major causes of substance abuse among graduates in the higher learning institutions has been highlighted as racial profiling and ethnic labeling. As stated by Gibbons et al. (2010) it is important to understand how students of minority backgrounds have survived in higher institutions and whether the existing discrimination changes their behavior. This is critical in helping to explore further whether the change in behavior as a result of ethnic labeling has any relationship with the student’s involvement in substance abuse.

Problem statement

There is a huge gap of knowledge in the research field regarding information about the causes of increasing rates of substance abuse among graduate students. Unger et al. (2009) and Sanders‐Phillips et al. (2014) wrote that substance abuse has increased in higher learning institution but fails to expound on the possible causes of the increase. Research in this field broadens the analysis to evaluate the cause of drug abuse and alcoholism in the higher education system. There is no substantive evidence to help a researcher hypothesize on a specific group such as the Undergraduate Baccalaureate graduates. Research by Rosenberg, Groves, and Blankenship (2017) indicated that substance abuse among the graduates is linked with many causes including influence from the peers, ease of accessibility, and difficulties are learning. However, no adequate data narrows down the analysis to help understand how the issue of racial and ethnic labeling may affect graduates and prompt them to engage in substance abuse.

Research questions and hypothesis

This study hypothesizes that there is a strong relationship between ethnic and racial labeling and increased substance abuse among undergraduate baccalaureate graduates. The research aims at explaining how being profiled ethnically or discriminated racially, causes the graduates to engage in drug abuse. The study purposes to answer the following research questions:

  • To what extent does ethnic profiling negatively affect an individual’s behavior of undergraduate baccalaureate graduates?
  • To what does racial discrimination lead to the isolation and segregation of undergraduate baccalaureate graduates?
  • To what extent does stress related to ethnic profiling and racial discrimination contributes to substance abuse among undergraduate baccalaureate graduates?

By answering these questions, the research will be aiming at understanding how being racially discriminated and profiled can translate to the involvement of graduates in delinquency such as substance abuse.

Literature …

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Advanced Technology Comes From A Great Education

Welcome to the world of tomorrow. Technology today is so advanced and amazing, it’s difficult to even grasp what is happening all around us. One of the interesting aspects of this wonderful digital revolution is that it was built by incredible people who once went to school as children. The World Wide Web and the internet; computers; laptops; smartphones and many other devices are the result of a great Education.

The astonishing technology that is with us now, that we all seem to be taking for granted, is returning the favor to the very Education systems from which it was born. The students of yesterday have learned. They took the ABC’s and 123’s; Reading, Writing and Arithmetic that was hammered into their little pea brains, and they flourished. Technology has embraced Education all around the world, or perhaps vise-versa, and the results are ground-breaking.

More and more schools and Education systems are utilizing the existing technology of today and adapting it to the time honored methods of teaching for the new generations. The innovations and applications of ClassDojo have set the stage for the future of Education. The merger of technology and Education is more than just a hybrid, it is a promising birth of a new way of teaching, and again, the very people developing this new system and this new technology were little elementary tots like we all were. Imagine what the tots of today will be creating in the future. This binary boom may indeed have increased the speed of evolution itself. Think of that.

Technology is not replacing traditional teaching. Some things in life are simply natural. Teaching our young will always be personal and professional, done by qualified people who love to teach. However, one can’t teach with love alone. Having the right tools for any job is, of course, how things have always been done, and always will be done. The better tools are here now. It has been said that “if you build a better mouse trap, the world will beat a path to your door.” the better tools for teaching are now being built and provided to the great teachers of the world, and connectivity is the crux of this brilliant software solution.

A gap has been filled between teacher and parent and student, with software and technology. Again, the very technicians and developers who are providing these digital tools are themselves, fine examples of an Education system that didn’t have such advantages, therefore, it is pretty safe to project that the young students of today are going to benefit in immeasurable ways. It is an exciting time to be an educator.

Though we all only ever learn throughout our lives, in the beginning, young minds need all the help they can get. They are little sponges with an unquenchable thirst for knowledge, and now a streamlined technology is in the mix, adding focus and connectivity to the entire process. Let the teaching begin.

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Custom Engraved Plaques & Awards

engraved plaquesArteries are blood vessels that carry blood rich in oxygen all through your physique. Our wooden merchandise are hand-crafted right after which they head for the production line consisting of best-of-the-line laser machines for precision engraving. ‘Memories, etched forever!’ is an internal maker division at Engrave – and comprises of a woodworking unit and an engraving unit. Custom Logo Plaques: Use Your Logo or Artwork, Accessible in a Classic Wood Finish or in a Marbleized Finish in Black, Red, Green, Blue or White. Premium Laser Engraved Indicators Ideal for. Engraved Pet memorial plaques which can be employed indoors or out are UV steady and completely weather proof.

Team Photo: Full Size Sport Plaque With Your Personal Team Photo or Artwork Available in Black Marbleized, White Marbleized or a Classic Wood Finish. Weatherproof Engraved Sign,Memorial Plaque, Bench Plate, Silver or Brass Effect. Dash Plaques: Pick Either an Aluminum Dash Plaque or Plastic Framed Dash Plaque to Show Your Custom Printed Insert. All our personalised youngsters door plaques are engraved with high engraved plaques good quality production machinery. In contrast to brass and some other metals that demand typical polishing and cleaning to look good, these plaques may just want an occasional wipe down with a damp cloth if dusty, they do not tarnish and a…

Note: Once you place an order, our design and style group will send you a proof image more than e-mail. Chichester Granite has offered a higher finish specialist stone masonry service employing Granite, Marble, Slate and Quartz to custom designing, fabricating and installing a wide range of quartz and granite work… To get a single custom engraving of these produced, upload a photo you’d like to use for it. We’ll do the rest. Unless you specify otherwise I will use Cambria as the font as I believe that this looks good on the plaque and layout the text to give the ideal match and appear.Unless you want one thing different.

Your plaque will be engraved employing Occasions New Roman. Your photo, graphic and/or text is etched on to a wooden plaque to create a exclusive personalized gift. Unless you specify otherwise I will use Cambria as the font as I believe that this looks great on the plaque and layout the text to give the best plaques fit and appear. In addition, some people use plaques for far much less solemn use, such as for residence décor or simply for humour. Our flagship products incorporate plaques, name plates, coasters & clocks.

Our wooden items are hand-crafted soon after which they head for the production line consisting of best-of-the-line laser machines for precision engraving. ‘Memories, etched forever!’ is an internal maker division at Engrave – and comprises of a woodworking unit and an engraving unit. Custom Logo Plaques: Use Your Logo or Artwork, Accessible in a Classic Wood Finish or in a Marbleized Finish in Black, Red, Green, Blue or White. Premium Laser Engraved Indicators Ideal for. Engraved Pet memorial plaques which can be utilised indoors or …

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What is special education and Remedial teaching ?

Special education has been put in place to provide services, programs and environments, to ensure that the educational needs of special needs children are provided for.

 Special education is provided to qualifying students, at no greater cost, than to any other student, and the varying special learning of needs of student’s are addressed through special education. Some children may need wheelchair accessibility, adaptive bathrooms, physio therapy,occupational therapy,or speech therapy, as part of their daily school routine, thus the need for special education school’s came about when student’s required support that goes beyond that which is normally offered or received in the regular school and classroom setting.

There are many schools educating specific special needs such as:

  • Autism
  • Down’s syndrome
  • Deaf or blindness
  • Developmental delays
  • Emotional disturbances
  • Hearing Impairment
  • Mental Retardation
  • Multiple disabilities
  • Orthopaedic Impairments
  • Specific Learning Disabilities
  • Speech and Language Impairment
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Visual Impairment

To find out more about Special Education, you can check with local school board or Education department. They will be able to provide you with a list of special needs schools in your area, which will qualify for the needs of your child.

 STRATEGIES TO BOOST SUCCESS AT SCHOOL.

Wether your child is starting nursery, primary or high school, these little strategies can make a huge difference in your Childs enjoyment and progress during his schooling years:

  • A good nights sleep
    If your child has been staying up late during the holidays, start enforcing an earlier bedtime about a week before they go back to school. Get them back into a set routine, as children need there rest to concentrate and follow what is going on in class.
  • Check the school bag daily
    make sure you check your child’s school bag daily, for notes and permission slips from the teacher, rather than relying on your child to give them to you. It can be unpleasant for your little one to be the only student that didn’t wear the right clothes for an outing or forgot to bring a snack or money for a Cake n’ Candy sale.
  • Teach your child to ask for what he needs
    It is especially important for a special needs child to tell a teacher that he doesn’t understand what she might be explaining, or if they need specific help. One way to teach your child this is to throw in some words during reading time that you know he will not understand. Let your child know that you are going to do this and, explain to them that need to stop you when they don’t understand the word and ask you to explain. Make sure he knows that teachers like it when children ask them questions, about new words or anything they don’t understand.
  • Always go to parents evening
    Even if you know the teacher and speak to them when you pick your child up from school, make the effort to attend parent evenings in any case. You may miss out on key information that the special education teacher
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Reward strategies: the important link to managerial effectiveness

Reward strategy is a complex area with the potential to have a profound impact on the effectiveness of management within any organisation. An aspect not often correlated with reward strategy is the concept of the incompetent manager. An incompetent manager is one who is promoted to a position where their skill set no longer matches the requirements of the position in terms of the level of technical, conceptual or human skills required (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, & Coulter, 2008).

Katz (1955) theorised that there were three skills needed by managers, technical, human and conceptual. The proportion of these skills required by managers varies, depending on the organisational level. Line managers require a higher level of technical skill, in order to perform managerial tasks involving the planning and organisation of technical work tasks. As the hierarchical level progresses, managers require less technical skill, and a great amount of human and conceptual skills. At some point, technical skill ceases to be a requirement at all.

When a technically competent front line staff member is rewarded with a promotion to a line manager position, there is a tendency for them to operate in a senior technical, rather than managerial role (Badawy, 1995). This is further accentuated by the lack of human and conceptual skills held by front line staff, for example the absence of the ability or desire to have difficult discussions with subordinates. The end result of such rewards to front line staff is an overall drop in efficiency, and staff who are promoted beyond their level of competence (Robbins, et al., 2008).

In order to prevent the use of promotions to managerial roles as rewards for technical staff, it is necessary to take a look into the reward strategy in use within the organisation (Hartel, Fujimoto, Strybosch, & Fitzpatrick, 2007). A common reason that non-financial rewards, such as promotion, are used, is that the organisation does not have the capability to provide financial rewards of significant value. Regardless, the use of promotion as a reward tool is almost certain to doom the organisation in the long term, and focus should be on other areas of reward strategy.

Reward strategy is divided into four broad areas, base financial rewards, performance based financial rewards, benefits, and non-financial rewards (Hartel, et al., 2007). Most organisations place a significant focus on financial rewards, however it is well understood that money is not a motivator; its absence is a demotivator (Hartel, et al., 2007; Robbins, et al., 2008). This means that, beyond a certain point, money ceases to motivate employees. Therefore, in rewarding technical staff, the focus must move to performance based rewards, or non-financial rewards.

In using performance based financial rewards, it is possible to control reward costs. Additional reward payments are contingent on performance, which should be linked to organisational performance or profit. This allows the organisation to develop a reward strategy that is somewhat scalable, allowing employees to receive equitable rewards for their performance, without committing the organisation to excessive costs. In a similar …

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