Day: July 16, 2019

Examining the Relationship between Ethnic and Racial Labeling and Substance Use among Undergraduate Baccalaureate Graduates

Written by Evolution Writer


Substance abuse among youths has been highlighted as a major problem in the United States. A major concern is that there is an increasing problem of substance abuse in learning institutions. Research shows in the country that there is a strong positive association between ethnic backgrounds of students and involvement in substance abuse (Unger et al., 2014).  However, there is a need to conduct further analysis on this issue in further research. It is important for policymakers in the education system to understand the significant causes of substance abuse in higher learning institutions.

As stated by Rosenberg, Groves, and Blankenship (2017), understanding each cause from a single perspective is essential in helping establish solutions to the problem. One of the major causes of substance abuse among graduates in the higher learning institutions has been highlighted as racial profiling and ethnic labeling. As stated by Gibbons et al. (2010) it is important to understand how students of minority backgrounds have survived in higher institutions and whether the existing discrimination changes their behavior. This is critical in helping to explore further whether the change in behavior as a result of ethnic labeling has any relationship with the student’s involvement in substance abuse.

Problem statement

There is a huge gap of knowledge in the research field regarding information about the causes of increasing rates of substance abuse among graduate students. Unger et al. (2009) and Sanders‐Phillips et al. (2014) wrote that substance abuse has increased in higher learning institution but fails to expound on the possible causes of the increase. Research in this field broadens the analysis to evaluate the cause of drug abuse and alcoholism in the higher education system. There is no substantive evidence to help a researcher hypothesize on a specific group such as the Undergraduate Baccalaureate graduates. Research by Rosenberg, Groves, and Blankenship (2017) indicated that substance abuse among the graduates is linked with many causes including influence from the peers, ease of accessibility, and difficulties are learning. However, no adequate data narrows down the analysis to help understand how the issue of racial and ethnic labeling may affect graduates and prompt them to engage in substance abuse.

Research questions and hypothesis

This study hypothesizes that there is a strong relationship between ethnic and racial labeling and increased substance abuse among undergraduate baccalaureate graduates. The research aims at explaining how being profiled ethnically or discriminated racially, causes the graduates to engage in drug abuse. The study purposes to answer the following research questions:

  • To what extent does ethnic profiling negatively affect an individual’s behavior of undergraduate baccalaureate graduates?
  • To what does racial discrimination lead to the isolation and segregation of undergraduate baccalaureate graduates?
  • To what extent does stress related to ethnic profiling and racial discrimination contributes to substance abuse among undergraduate baccalaureate graduates?

By answering these questions, the research will be aiming at understanding how being racially discriminated and profiled can translate to the involvement of graduates in delinquency such as substance abuse.

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